Jewelry represents the objects that are used for decoration since the beginning of time. Depending of the belonging culture various materials were used and different parts of body, clothes and shoes were emphasized.
Objects for everyday use were also decorated and it was done mostly to emphasize belonging to certain class of society and nation. Except as a decoration for women, men and children, the jewelry was always a part of cultural heritage of each nation. It was made in a way that every piece was unique, while today is produced mostly in series from both natural and synthetic elements.
There was always a need to distinguish ourselves from the crowd and to give a personal stamp to everything. Jewelry played an important role in that through all the ages of existence of the human species.
Diamond, the hardest mineral, most resistant and brightest gemstone. Its beauty, rarity and uniqueness are exactly what makes it so desirable in the world of jewelry and treasures. It is often chosen when it comes to engagement and wedding rings. Anybody who decides to buy diamond jewelry should be informed about its basic characteristics in order to find the one that would be the best fit by its color, purity, quality grinding and weight. It is important to find a good relation of mentioned characteristics of the diamond and price that you need to pay for it.
When it comes to color of the diamond, than we are talking about determining of the color from achromatic up to certain intensity of yellow. Namely, the color is determined on scale knows as GIA (Gemological Institute of America) standard on our market. It starts with a letter “D” that is a mark for achromatic diamond and finishes with “Z” that presents a diamond with the highest admixture of yellow color. There are few more systems of diamond classification, but beside GIA we will mention only IDC (International Diamond Council) in order to realize that there is more than one system of diamond classification.
Diamond purity (clarity) indicates the presence of internal flaws (inclusions) and its damages on surface (blemishes), i.e. degree of transparency. Exactly these characteristics are the ones that make a diamond unique because you can not find same damages in two diamonds.
Diamond grinding (cut) affects its shine and luminosity, precisely on things that will get your attention first. It is not so much about shape and style of grinding, but on corners and proportions of facet, arrangement and final treatment of the diamond. It is important to grind the diamond in a way that it does not loose luminosity, but that it bounces off facet and comes back through the top giving the diamond ultimate supreme glow. If it is grinded too deep or too shallow, luminosity will not bounce off and because of that the diamond will loose both its ultimate supreme glow that jewelers want and its value.
There are three basic styles of grinding: brilliant, stepwise and the combination of those two.
Brilliant represents round grinding of the diamond with 57 or 58 facets (surfaces). Baguette represents stepwise grinding of the diamond, rectangular shape or tapered baguette that represents trapezoidal diamond.
Princess represents brilliant grinding of the diamond with the number of facets from 57 till 70, square shape.
Radiant represents brilliantly grinded, square or rectangular shape of the diamond with the edges like at emerald grinding.
Trilliant or Trielle are the names used for brilliant grinding of triangular diamond.
Quadrillion represents square diamond with 49 brilliantly grinded facets.
Weight (carat) is not decisive in determining market value of the diamond. In that regard, minimum weight is 0,01 carat although there are even minor. One carat equals 0,2 grams. Two diamonds of same weight do not necessarily have to be of the same size, so please keep that in mind when you choose a diamond. You have to decide do you want bigger or heavier diamond. Carat that we use to determine weight of the diamond is not the same as the one we use to value gold.
Opal is a crystal in various colors. There are also achromatic, transparent and opals that represent perfection of iridescence. It is of smaller size with a lovely shine that reminds of glowing of the glass. Many colors and their combinations on one piece are perfect to complete or emphasize your styling.
Gold is used for making of jewelry and it merges with other metals such as silver and copper. To get white gold, gold merges with nickel or palladium. Gold purity is expressed in carats that indicate on proportion of pure gold in a piece of jewelry. There are more marks for gold that indicate on percentage of gold present in a piece of jewelry or golden object:
- 333 – 8 carats
- 375 – 10 carats
- 585 – 14 carats
- 750 – 18 carats
- 900 – 22 carats
- 999 – 24 carats.
This gold is used for production of golden bullions.
One piece of jewelry with the higher percentage of gold and less percentage of other admixtures will cost you more.
Silver is used for making of jewelry and numerous other objects. Having in mind that silver is soft in its pure condition, it couples with other metals in order to produce something. Throughout the history of existence of the human species it had several purposes. Except for the jewelry, it was used to make coins and watches, items for personal use and for making silverware. It was used and still is for disinfection and treatment.